Generate a FlatPak manifest from a Cabal package description
This program generates a large Flatpak manifest in JSON format with the versions of all transitively imported Haskell packages. This is required by Flathub since this platform downloads all source files for you and lets you build only in a sandbox without access to the internet. The detailed version information can also be useful for you for reproducible builds. However, for maintaining your own Flatpak repository or for distributing Flatpak bundles it is not strictly necessary to have such a verbose manifest. You may get results quicker by writing your own manifest which simply runs
stack should give you reproducible builds but its package database contains only a subset of Hackage.
cabal-install gives you access to more Haskell packages, but the build may fail at a later point due to lax version bounds in dependent packages.
Create a Flatpak manifest
The usage is a bit cumbersome, because for Flathub you may only build manifests for released versions of your package, whereas you certainly want to manage manifests in the working copy of your repository.
cabal build a
plan.json for your released package:
$ cd /tmp
$ cabal unpack my-package-0.1.2
$ cd my-package-0.1.2
$ cabal new-build --dry-run --disable-tests --disable-benchmarks
plan.json via the
Now create a
flatpak.cabal.json file in your working copy. It contains a custom JSON object with information needed by
cabal-flatpak and also a template for the generated manifest. For an example see the configuration file for
$ cd /path/to/my-package
$ cabal-flatpak --directory=/tmp/my-package-0.1.2 flatpak.cabal.json flatpak.json
--arch option allows you to put build information for one or more architectures into one manifest. Usually, only
cabal-install binaries depend on the architecture and the whole lot of Haskell packages can be build with the same commands.
There are two build modes: One builds all modules individually using plain
Cabal, the other one builds all modules in one go using
cabal-install. You can enable the second mode using the
--cabal-install option. These are the differences:
Cabalmode needs less dependencies.
cabal-installneeds a pre-built binary for your architecture.
Cabalmode can pass options to the build of specific packages.
cabal-installcan only pass options to all packages at once. If
-fbuildExamplesmeans something different to different Haskell packages, then this will fail. Even in
cabal-installmode we need to preprocess each package and in this stage we could alter flag switches by patching Cabal files. We could also build packages with requested flags in separate stages. Currently, we don't try any of these strategies.
cabal-installenables parallel builds. This builds significantly faster.
Cabalmode on the other hand allows Flatpak to cache build results of individual packages. This can accelerate re-builds. However, Flatpak does not know the dependency graph and thus simply rebuilds anything after a module that must be rebuilt.
Known issue: If you use the
"main-sources" list of manually written sources, then the main tarball needs
"type": "archive" for
Cabal mode and
"type": "file" for
cabal-install. That is you cannot simply switch between both modes only at the command-line. I suggest to not use
"main-sources" anyway, but stick to versions published at Hackage.
For some packages you need to build dependencies on external C packages.
cabal-flatpak cannot generate according build instructions for you. However, you can re-use build instructions you found useful. Flatpak-builder supports this itself. In the
"modules" list you cannot only put module JSON objects, but also plain strings. Such a string is interpreted as path to a separate file containing a Flatpak module JSON object. I add such JSON files to the FFI packages I maintain.
Build the Flatpak package
First you need to install a Flatpak runtime environment and its SDK:
$ sudo flatpak install org.freedesktop.Platform org.freedesktop.Sdk org.freedesktop.Platform.Compat.i386 org.freedesktop.Sdk.Compat.i386
You may refer to the
Makefile that is shipped with
cabal-flatpak for how to eventually build the Flatpak package. The command line is:
$ flatpak-builder --force-clean --repo=$FLATPAK/repository --state-dir=$FLATPAK/builder/ $FLATPAK/build/my-package $<
Flatpak consumes pretty much storage thus I set $FLATPAK to a directory on a separate harddisk partition. The
--repo option points to your Flatpak repository. This is where
flatpak-builder stores the compiled package. The Flatpak repository contains all versions of all your Flatpak packages. If another user has access to it, she can easily install and update Flatpak packages. The
--state-dir option points to a directory that caches all downloads and build artifacts of Flatpak. You may share it between different projects. The
DIRECTORY argument names the path to where Flatpak builds your project. It may not be shared between projects, but you can safely delete it after a build and the
--force-clean option triggers exactly this when you re-build your project. The directories specified by
DIRECTORY must reside on the same file system.
You may also extract a single package file for a certain version of your package from the repository. This can be handy for a one-time install but disallows the user to easily get updates of your program.
$ flatpak build-bundle $FLATPAK/repository \
my-package-0.1.2.flatpak com.my_domain.my-package \
Cabal package description files can be updated on Hackage without altering the package version. Every update increases the Cabal file revision. Unfortunately,
plan.json does not contain the revision number, it just refers to the currently most recent Cabal file for each Haskell package. This is a fundamental problem since Flatpak builds must be reproducible. We currently solve this problem by scanning Cabal's local package database below
.cabal/packages/hackage.haskell.org. This has not optimal performance but it is acceptable.